Things to see in Sulcis Iglesiente

Sulcis Iglesiente - South West Sardinia

The territory of Sulcis Iglesiente occupies the southwestern region of Sardinia It is a unique territory, which offers wild sceneries, immersed in the Mediterranean scrub. Cliffs overlooking the sea of an emerald green form inlets and beaches of exceptional beauty.
This territory was the most important mining basin in Italy and Europe and there are also natural ancient nuraghi caves, Phoenician necropolis, Roman temples and medieval castles.

Mines

The Galleria Henry of Buggerru is about 1 km long and was used to allow the transport of minerals by means of a steam locomotive. Suggestive itinerary overlooking the sea
Porto Flavia in Masua is not a real mine but a port of embarkation. Dug into the rock inside the mountain overlooking the sea, there are two superimposed galleries, the upper one from where the extracted materials arrived and the lower one from where, by means of a removable conveyor belt, the material was loaded directly onto the ships at anchor.
The Serbariu mine , in Carbonia, 100 km of underground tunnels represented one of the most important energy resources in Italy between the 1930s and 1950s. To extract the coal, workers from all over Italy were recruited, reaching the number of 16,000 miners; and it is precisely as a function of the mining activity in the Sulcis region that Carbonia was born, an example of a rationalist-style city with a fascist imprint, with houses for workers, hotels for workers, cinemas and a shop

Caves

Grotte Is Zuddas located in the south-western part of Sardinia, they constitute a splendid underground scenery created by the incessant action of water. The main feature of the cave is represented by the aragonites that shine in bizarre shapes which are also called "cave flowers".
The cave of San Giovanni is located near Domusnovas and was formed following the collapse of an enormous limestone mass; it owes its singularity to the presence, within its tortuous and sinuous tunnel, of a fully carriage road that develops along its entire length, making it unique in Italy and very rare in the world as well.

Viewpoint of Nebida

A walk overlooking the sea with a breathtaking view of the coast and the Sugar Loaf. Halfway along the path you can see Laveria La Marmora which can be reached by a long and steep staircase.
A small gallery, which used to serve as a deposit for the explosives of the laveria, is now a place called 906 worker, in memory of the first strikes miners protesting for their living conditions that bordered on slavery. In the restaurant it is possible to stop to drink or eat and admire the fabulous sunsets.

S'Ortu Mannu di Villamassargia

The olive grove called "S 'Ortu Mannu" (the large vegetable garden) is an oasis of about 700 secular olive trees grafted in 1300. Tradition tells that it was the Pisans who convinced the local population to graft the olive trees by granting them once planted.
The property has come down to the present day from the respective owner of origin: almost every family holds a specimen of the oasis, identified with letters on the trunks indicating the initials of the head of the family.
Among these olive trees, the true monument of nature is the one called Sa Reina ("the queen"), which has a stem with a circumference of 16 meters.

Castle of Acquafredda -Siliqua

The castle of Acquafredda is a medieval fortified structure that stands on a hill of volcanic origin. It was the home of the Pisan nobleman Ugolino Della Gherardesca when he became Lord of the south-western part of Sardinia.
Fallen from grace, the count was imprisoned in Pisa and his events are illustrated in the lines of Dante Alighieri's Divine Comedy.

Museo del Bisso

fine linen is a filament produced by the castanera, a Mediterranean mollusk, from which a precious yarn is obtained, used for gloves, scarves and other fine clothing.
Absolutely to visit the museum laboratory in S. Antioco of Maestro Chiara Vigo. Visiting this museum you have the opportunity to admire objects in fine linen and also see how they are made, thanks to the mastery of weaving and creating the fine linen threads of this master.

Temple of Antas

The Valle di Antas is set in the center of a beautiful natural amphitheater which since the times of the Nuragic period was used as a sacred place for cremation burials.
In addition to the unique Roman temple, of its kind in Sardinia, the remains of a nuragic village and well tombs are visible on the site

Necropolis of Montessu - Villaperuccio

The necropolis of Montessu is located on the side of a hill with several dozen prehistoric burial structures consisting of tombs carved into the rock also known as the domus de janas.
The tombs have a very varied plan and very different dimensions.
Next to the necropolis there are also gigantic menhirs

Borgo Tratalias

The old village of Tratalias was abandoned when the artificial lake of Monte Pranu was built. Lake built to help local agricultural activities.
Due to the infiltration of water, it was decided to rebuild the town in a hilly area not far away.
However, the old medieval village and the Romanesque church have been recovered